How Modern Law, Money, and Religion Originated with the Phoenician Empire
The Phoenician Empire influenced the evolution of civilization more than any other culture or alliance of nations in the history of the world. Its development of language and alphabet, literature, arts and science, and system of laws, surpassed those of all other peoples. It is strange that so much of this powerful civilization remains hidden and unknown to us here in the modern world.
The history of the ancient city of Byblos dates back to 8800BC. Throughout its long and tumultuous history ownership of the once Phoenician capital has been held by the Egyptians, the Byzantine Empire, the Persian Empire, the Phoenician Empire, the Roman Empire, and was passed back and forth between Islamic powers and the Crusaders. It is said that Byblos is the oldest continuously inhabited city in the world. More importantly, Byblos was also the first city of Phoenicia.
Today Byblos is a major tourist city in the Middle East and in 2016 was named the Arab Tour Capital. Yachts fill the harbour and it was once a favourite destination of Marlon Brando and Frank Sinatra. It is also home to the Lebanese American University with the only US-accredited Pharmacy School in the Middle East. The university campus located at Byblos also holds the Medical School, Engineering School, and School of Architecture and Design.
Phoenicia was an ancient Semitic civilization which covered what is now Lebanon, Israel, Gaza, Syria, and the south-west of Turkey. At the height of power its control reached as far as the Western Mediterranean (Carthage) and the Atlantic Ocean.
The Phoenician civilization was organized as city states, like Byblos, but also Tyre, Sidon, Arwad, Berytus, and Carthage. Each politically operated under an autonomous governance structure, and like the modern city states of Washington DC, City of London, and Vatican City, did not view themselves as one nation, but as a unified alliance which shared language, culture, and religion.
Much like the developing world culture being promoted by the United Nations.
The influence of the Phoenician Empire was so extensive that its 22 letter alphabet replaced the older hieroglyphics and became the most widely used writing system in the known world. The alphabet was exported to Greece where it was developed and spread further.
The port of Byblos was one of the great trading ports of the ancient world. Its prosperity expanded in 3000BC through the shipping of timber to Egypt and around the Mediterranean region. Ship building techniques were also perfected at Byblos and added to the future power and influence of the Phoenician Empire.
An interesting article on the History of Law website stats the following about the Phoenician Empire:
“Not only upon the sea, but inland also, the Phoenicians established their trade. They controlled the commerce by caravan through Central Asia. In Central Europe they established communication from the Black and the Adriatic seas across the continent to the Baltic. They worked the gold mines of Ophir in Southern Africa, the silver mines of Spain, and the tin mines of Cornwall in England; and they traded with the Baltic for amber, and with the islands of the Indo-Chinese seas for the spices and perfumes and other rarities for which they were then as now renowned. And not only were they the great merchants of the world; they were likewise its most noted artisans. They furnished architects and builders to King Solomon for his great temple; and many of the gigantic structures reared by the monarchs of Asshur were the work of their hands. They discovered the mode of manufacturing glass, and likewise the famous Tyrian dye; and they seem to have had the mariner’s compass to aid them in their navigation.”
They were truly the great merchants of the ancient world. Forget the Jews, as their merchant capabilities are a mere shadow of the Phoenicians. It is even suggested that the trading and economic reach of the Phoenicians spanned across the Atlantic into North and South America.
The system of laws it developed represent the bedrock of the international system of laws which are still in use today. From the History of Law:
“They adjoined the territory of the Israelites and probably borrowed from the latter their republican institutions, which they transmitted to their numerous colonies; for a great many colonies they planted, in which to some extent they continued their national existence, among them, Crete, Rhodes, Boeotian Thebes in Greece, Carthage and Utica in Africa, Tartessus, Cadiz, and Lisbon in Spain and Portugal, and several on the shores of the Black Sea. Tyre, and Sidon, and Aradus, the principal cities of the parent country, by their great wealth, attracted the cupidity of the monarchs of Egypt, Asshur, and Babylonia; and they suffered much in frequent wars, and were several times besieged and captured. Sidon at last was destroyed by Artagerxes Ochus, King of Persia, in B.C. 351; and nineteen years later, in B.C. 332, Tyre suffered a similar fate at the hands of the famous conquerer, Alexander of Macedon. Carthage, the greatest and most renowned of all the Phoenician colonies, was utterly destroyed by the Romans, so that not one stone was left upon another; and, except in so far as its people came into contact or collision with the Romans, or with the Greek cities of Sicily, its history has absolutely perished.”
“We are, therefore, without any record whatever of Phoenician law, which necessarily must have been the most advanced code of law of the ancient world, inasmuch as their civil polity, their republican institutions, and the exigencies of their world-wide commerce, demanded legislation of the most liberal character; and it does not seem probable that any monumental ruins will ever be uncovered, like those of Egypt and Mesopotamia, to throw light upon the subject, unless, indeed, illumination may be derived to us from the excavation of the palace of Minos in Crete and the civilization thereby revealed, or from some yet undiscovered monument of Hittite civilization in Asia Minor.”
The perspective of the writer for History of Law is obviously pro-Phoenician, and its not hard to see why. But what isn’t talked about is how the Phoenicians waged constant military and economic (trade) war upon its neighbours. Their power was attained through absorbing vast cultures and the developments which took place in those civilizations.
Some readers may have a difficult time accepting that I call the Crown Beast power in the world today the re-constituted Phoenician Empire. But when we consider the full power based of the Phoenicians thousands of years ago, can we honestly consider that this power structure just disappeared?
There is much talk of the rule of admiralty law, and how that is the real system of laws which govern the modern world. One last time, from the History of Law:
“There is another remarkable fact that may be mentioned. The maritime and admiralty law, as we call it, the law of all the civilized world today in respect of marine transactions, has been traced back through the Roman Civil Law to the laws of the little island and the city of Rhodes, in the Eastern Mediterranean, at the southwestern angle of Asia Minor, well known to have been a colony of Phoenicia; and while we can not trace the stream any farther than from Rhodes, it is most natural to infer that the fountain head was in Phoenicia.”
Most readers which have been studying alternative history and conspiracy theories for a long time will recognize some familiar names appearing in this history of the Phoenicians, such as Rhodes. This empire serves as the basis for all aspects of the modern world, from law, to mining, trade wars, shipping, to the utilization of smaller powers, such as the Seafaring People (Hebrews), to wage war against their enemies, so they could continue trade with those regions. This tactic was used against the Hittites and Egyptians.
The architecture of Phoenicia can still be seen in the modern world and its power structure. In ancient Byblos was located the Temple of Obelisks. When we trace the use of the obelisk throughout human history we can trace the power structure of the Crown Beast.
All three of the modern city states, modelled after the Phoenician structure, being Washington DC, City of London, and Vatican City, all have important obelisks located in important areas. Washington and the Vatican are almost mirror images of one another. All represent different aspects of the Crown Beast, which is the re-constituted Phoenician Empire. – JC
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JC Collins can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org